OSHEROFF, DOUGLAS DEAN


OSHEROFF, DOUGLAS DEAN
OSHEROFF, DOUGLAS DEAN (1945– ) U.S. physicist and Nobel Laureate. Osheroff was born in Aberdeen, Washington, and graduated from the California Institute of Technology before gaining his Ph.D. in physics from Cornell University. He joined the Department of Solid State and Low Temperature Research of Bell Research Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in 1972 and was head of this department from 1982–87. He moved to Stanford University as professor of physics and was appointed J.G. Jackson and C.J. Wood Professor of Physics in 1992 and chairman of the department of physics (1993–96). Osheroff 's research concerns low temperature physics and led to the discovery of three new superfluid forms of helium-3 resulting from pair forming by the super-cooled 3He atoms. This work influenced the future course of low temperature research and has important theoretical implications for understanding superconductivity and its practical applications. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics (1996), shared with his collaborators David Lee and Robert Richardson. His subsequent research continues to focus on the behavior of condensed matter at very low temperature. His awards include the Sir Francis Simon Memorial Prize of the British Institute of Physics (1976) and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. In recognition of his teaching expertise, he received Stanford University's Walter J. Gores Award. He married Phyllis S.K. Liu in 1970. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Douglas Dean Osheroff — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Douglas Dean Osheroff Douglas Dean Osheroff (1 de agosto, de 1945) es un físico estadounidense. Él compartió el Premio Nobel de Física en 1996 junto con David Morris Lee y Robert C. Richardson por el de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Douglas Dean Osheroff — Douglas D. Osheroff Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca/New York. Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Osheroff, Douglas D. — ▪ American physicist in full  Douglas Dean Osheroff   born Aug. 1, 1945, Aberdeen, Wash., U.S.       American physicist who, along with David Lee (Lee, David M.) and Robert Richardson (Richardson, Robert C.), was the corecipient of the 1996 Nobel …   Universalium

  • Physiknobelpreis 1996: David Morries Lee — Douglas Dean Osheroff — Robert Coleman Richardson —   Die amerikanischen Physiker erhieltenden Nobelpreis für ihre Entdeckung der Suprafluidität, des widerstandslosen Fließens des Helium 3 bei Temperaturen nahe dem absoluten Nullpunkt ( 273 °C).    Biografien   David Morries Lee, * Rye (New York)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Douglas D. Osheroff — Born August 1, 1945 …   Wikipedia

  • Douglas Osheroff — Douglas D. Osheroff Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca/New York. Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Osheroff — Douglas D. Osheroff Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca/New York. Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Douglas D. Osheroff — Douglas Osheroff Douglas Osheroff. Douglas Dean Osheroff (1er août 1945) est un physicien américain prix Nobel de physique en 1996. Osheroff naît à Aberdeen dans l état de Washington. Il passe son …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Douglas D. Osheroff — Douglas Dean Osheroff (* 1. August 1945 in Aberdeen, Washington) ist ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1973 promovierte er in Physik an der Cornell Universität in Ithaca (New York). Derzeit ist er Physikprofessor an der Stanford Universität in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Douglas Osheroff — Douglas Osheroff. Douglas Dean Osheroff (1er août 1945) est un physicien américain. Il est colauréat avec David Morris Lee et Robert Coleman Richardson du prix Nobel de physique de 1996 …   Wikipédia en Français